It’s the last Friday of November and that means one thing… a new guest blogger.
Cara Leopold’s (a listening skills expert) mission is, in her words: “to help bookworms and vocab nerds break free from subtitles so they can stop “reading” their favourite shows and films and start watching them.”
You’re probably thinking…. hang on, Shanthi, what has watching TV got to do with Business English.
Let me leave it to Cara to explain.
Over to you, Cara
Tv series. Those things you watch when you’ve got nothing better to do. When you’re stuck inside on a wet Sunday in your pajamas. Surely they’re just a bit of fun?
I beg to differ. Watching TV series in English is one of the best ways to spend your free time. And you can learn a lot about business from them too.
I’ve picked one of my favourite business shows of all time, The Office, to give you some tips on how to understand it.
Many shows can teach you about business and leadership. But sometimes, instead of learning what to do, it’s better to learn what not to do. And there’s no better person to learn what not to do than from David Brent of the Office.
The Office I’m talking about is the BBC version that ran for 2 seasons from 2001 to 2003. It’s a work of subtle comic genius.
It’s a mockumentary which is a blend of the words “mock” meaning fake and documentary. It follows the lives of the employees of fictional paper company Wernham Hogg based in Slough in the south east of the UK.
Ricky Gervais, who co-wrote the show, stars as David Brent, who’s possibly the world’s worst manager.
Let me guide you through 3 of David’s most awkward business situations, so you can understand him and learn what not to do in terms of business skills.
#1 If the interviewer does this, run away.
In one of the most awkward scenes ever, David tries to charm his interviewee, using rather creepy tactics. He’s hard to understand as he spends the whole interview smiling at Karen and not opening his mouth much.
We’re going to work on the clip from 1’57 to 3’03.
➣ 1’57 “tell me about yourself” => sounds like => telme bou’ yuhself
- The vowel disappears from the start of ‘about’
- The ‘t’ at the end of ‘about’ becomes a glottal stop
- The vowel in ‘yourself’ becomes a schwa
- The ‘l’ blends into the ‘m’ sound
➣ 2’24 “last year I took a year out” => sounds like => las cheer I tookuh yearout
- The ‘t’ sound in ‘last’ and the ‘y’ in ‘year’ blend together to become ‘tch’
- ‘Took’ and ‘a’ join together, as do ‘year’ and ‘out’
- The vowel in ‘a’ becomes a schwa
➣ 2’50 – “you’ve got the job” => sounds like => you(v) go’ thuh job
- The ‘v’ sound in ‘you’ve’ almost completely disappears
- The ‘t’ in ‘got’ becomes a glottal stop
- The vowel sound in ‘the’ becomes a schwa
➣ 2’55 “Work out your notice …and we’ll put you on a month’s probation” => sounds like => wirk ou’ yuh no’ice….an wil pu’ yuhwonuh month’s probation
- Several ‘t’ sounds become glottal stops – ‘out’, ‘notice’, ‘put’
- ‘you’ , ‘on’ and ‘a’ join together, with a ‘w’ sound linking the vowels
- The vowel in ‘work’ is reduced
- ‘And’ is reduced to ‘an’
- The vowels in ‘you’ become schwas
- The contraction ‘we’ll’ sounds like ‘will’
➣ 2’00 – Karen mentions that she did GCSEs and A-levels.
A GCSE is a General Certificate of Secondary Education, an exam you take when you’re sixteen. A-levels are the qualification you take to get into university.
➣ 2’13 – David points at the wall and says ‘Des’ree?’, a British R&B singer who was famous in the 90s.
➣ 2’55 – ‘notice’ is the period of time you have to work in a job, before you can leave. Many workplaces require a month’s notice so they have time to find you a replacement. ‘Put you on (a month’s) probation’. This is a period of time in a new job where the employer checks to make sure you know what you’re doing.
⚠️ Making Karen talk about her personal life, rather than her qualifications and experience
⚠️ Suggesting that Karen was ‘exploring herself’ while travelling on a year out. And ‘getting what you can, while you’re young’ because she was travelling alone.
#2 How to have sub zero self-awareness
One of David’s greatest character flaws (weaknesses) is that he has zero self-awareness. Or rather sub-zero self-awareness.
In this scene, David has decided to leave the company and is consoling his employees about his departure. Except they don’t care. It’s one of the best tragi-comic moments of the series. Especially when Big Keith ignores David completely and steps on his foot.
Click on the video. It is working.
➣ 1’26 “Be a bit weird for you will it when I’m off” => sounds like => be uh bi’ weird fuh yuh wili’ when I’m off?
- The vowels in ‘a’, ‘for’ and ‘yuh’ become schwas
- ‘Will’ and ‘it’ join together, as does ‘when I’m”
- The ‘t’ sounds in ‘bit’ and ‘it’ become glottal stops
➣ 2’27 – “Here he is” => sounds like => ‘ereeeyiz
- David removes the ‘h’ from ‘here’ which is common in some accents of English
- He removes the ‘h’ from ‘he’ as we usually do in fast speech
- He adds a ‘y’ sound to link the vowel in ‘he’ to the vowel in ‘is’
David’s lack of self-awareness
➣ 1’29- 1’30 The colleague politely responds by saying “different” and David says “sadder”.
It’s normal for people to overlap like this in conversation as we build it together. Usually though you’d expect 2 people in a collaborative exchange to say the same thing. Not in this case, though.
➣ 1’32 David announces “I’m telling this to everyone. Erm I do not want you going oh that’s it, we’re out of here, there’s no point or walking round with your shoulders hunched…”
“Sorry can I just get that…”
He assumes that his colleagues are all going to leave once he goes “we’re out of here” or be sad about his departure “walking round with your shoulders hunched”.
(⚡️ When your shoulders are ‘hunched’ you curve them forwards, often to indicate you’re unhappy or fed up.)
David’s colleague is much more interested in the phone call he’s been expecting and even says to David at 1’52 “Sorry what were you saying?” showing he wasn’t paying attention. He also interrupts David to talk to another colleague, Oliver, and phones Steve.
➣ 1’46 “oh that’s great, no that’s a load off my mind”
If something is “a load off your mind” then it’s a relief and you no longer need to worry about it.
➣ 1’57 “Oliver…they took the lot mate”
Oliver: “All of it? You lucky… You were bricking it you know”
“I was yeah”
‘They took the lot’ means ‘they took everything’. We can assume this is some stock the sales representative wanted to sell.
Oliver replies “you lucky…”. Normally he would have ended that expression with a rude word.
Bricking it – If ‘you’re bricking it’ then you’re very scared or anxious. This is a very informal, vulgar British expression. Don’t use it with your boss!
#3 David Brent’s Anti-TED talk
This is one of those clips that makes me laugh so hard I can’t breathe. David gets invited to another company to give a motivational talk.
- His attempts to get the crowd going (⚡️ get them excited) fall flat on his face. At 1’37 I start to have a laughing fit.(⚡️ when you have a laughing fit, you laugh uncontrollably)
- At 1’52 you’ll see a guy with a beard look directly at the camera – hilarious.
- I also like the bit at 2’40 where the big guy in the front row looks at the camera and refuses the leaflet.
We’re going to concentrate on the start of the clip up to 2’40, excluding the section with receptionist Dawn talking to the camera.
➣ 0 – 0’08 We can hear the rhythm of English in this section. David reduces the grammatical words right down and emphasises many of the content words. Just listen to the way he says ‘endorphins’ at 0’02. He puts a lot of emphasis on the stressed syllable. enDORphins
You => sounds like => yuh
Your => sounds like => yuh
are=> sounds like => uh
To => sounds like => tuh
and => sounds like => und
Here’s the transcription of that section: “When you laugh, your brain releases endorphins, yeah. Your stress hormones are reduced and the oxygen supply to your blood is increased.”
➣ 0’09 – 0’16 “So, you feel – I try and laugh several times a day just b- cos it makes you feel good. So, let’s let’s try that.”
In this section, it sounds like David hasn’t prepared too well for his talk. Or that he’s feeling awkward about what he’s going to do. He makes false starts and repeats himself. Not what you would hear in a well-prepared speech.
David is a little trickier to understand again at the end as he’s talking normally again and not doing his presenter voice.
➣ 2’20 – “yuh stoppedi’
- ‘You’ is reduced to ‘yuh’
- ‘Stopped’ joins to ‘it’
- The ‘t’ in ‘it’ becomes a glottal stop
➣ 2’22 “Leavei’ goin righ’ tuh theend tillah ge’…don’t do tha’ again nex’ time okay”
- ‘Leave’ and ‘it’ join together, as do ‘till’ and ‘I’.‘The’ and ‘end’ also join together.
- ‘Going’ is reduced to ‘goin’
- ‘I’ is reduced to ‘ah’
- The ‘t’ sound becomes a glottal stop on ‘it’, ‘right’, ‘get’, ‘that’, ‘don’t’, ‘next’
➣ 1’19 I’m spent => I’m exhausted
➣ 1’20 “I am now gonna make like a banana and split” => this means it’s time to leave, it’s time for me to go.
It’s a reference to a type of dessert called a “banana split” and also to the expression “let’s split” which is an informal way to say “let’s go”.
8 tips to make the most of the biz-themed series you watch
#Tip 1: The great thing about TV series is that you follow them week to week. This means you gradually adapt to the characters’ voices and accents. You also hear the same words and expressions on a regular basis. So the more you watch, the easier it is to understand.
#Tip 2: Pick one series to focus on at a time. And make sure you enjoy it so you’ll keep coming back for more.
#Tip 3: It’s okay to watch with the subtitles. Plus you can choose to turn them on and off. There are 2 ways to do this. Either you watch for ten minutes with and then ten minutes without (thanks as ever to my colleague Elfin for this tip). Or you leave them off and only turn them back on again for scenes where you’re a bit lost.
#Tip 4: Prepare yourself for watching a series by doing a little bit of research before you begin. You can familiarise yourself with the plot or learn the characters’ names before you start watching.
#Tip 5: Do a bit of intensive listening work to complement the passive stuff you’re going to do anyway by just watching the show:
➣ Choose a scene
➣ Watch it without the subtitles
➣ Pick a short section and write down what you hear
➣ Compare it to the subtitles or the transcript
➣ What did you catch? What did you miss?
➣ Reinforce your skills by re-watching the scene and trying to pronounce the expressions like the characters
#Tip 6: Some things will be impossible to understand. Even with the subtitles! In series, you’ll hear references to cultural phenomena – other series, lines from movies, famous people, famous jokes, actors, sporting trivia etc. You can’t possibly know all this if you’re not from the country.
Even though I’ve been in France for 10 years, I don’t know everything there is to know about French culture. And neither do French people.
When I watch US TV series I don’t always understand all the references. I’m not American. Too bad. I can appreciate the series anyway, even if I miss a joke or two. And so can you.
# Tip 7: Make the series your own. Do any of the observations ring true to you? Do they remind you of situations you’ve been in? A bad boss you’ve had? An annoying co-worker?
# Tip 8: Come share your impressions, ideas and struggles in my Subtitle Freedom Club on Facebook. We’re a bunch of series lovers, struggling with weird accents, crazy vocab and mumbling actors. And we’d love to know if you’ve ever had a manager like David Brent.
What are some of your favourite business-themed TV shows? And what have you learned from watching David Brent? What shocked you the most about his bad business skills?
Let Shanthi and me know in the comments.
Hi, I’m Cara Leopold, the online English listening teacher at Leo Listening. I help bookworms and vocab nerds break free from subtitles so they can stop “reading” their favourite shows and films and start watching them.
Understand what you watch in English with my free video and worksheet
Check out Cara’s website here: Leo Listening
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Ciao for now, my EWATers.